Genomic Features for Therapeutic Insights of Chemotherapy-Resistant, Primary Mediastinal Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors and Comparison with Gonadal Counterpart.

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Genomic Features for Therapeutic Insights of Chemotherapy-Resistant, Primary Mediastinal Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors and Comparison with Gonadal Counterpart.

Oncologist. 2019 04;24(4):e142-e145

Authors: Necchi A, Bratslavsky G, Chung J, Millis S, Gay LM, Ali SM, Ross JS

Abstract
Primary mediastinal nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (PMNSGCT) frequently become refractory to chemotherapy, and no effective salvage therapy exists. We performed genomic profiling on a series of 44 PMNSGCT and compared the results with those from chemorefractory, metastatic pure seminomatous (Sem, n = 22) and nonseminomatous (NS, n = 86) testicular germ cell tumors. Archival tissues were sequenced by a hybrid capture-based technology (FoundationONE; Foundation Medicine, Inc., Cambridge, MA). Microsatellite instability (MSI) and tumor mutational burden (TMB, mutations [mut]/Mb) were determined.Statistically significant differences in genomic alterations (GA) of PMNSGCT versus NS included higher TP53 pathway GA (p < .0001), PIK3CA pathway GA (p < .0001), and lower cell-cycle pathway GA (p = .0004). There were no MSI-high PMNSGCT cases. Mean TMB was similar between the groups, but there were more ≥10 mut/Mb in the PMNSGCT group versus NS (11.4% vs. 4.6%).The GA identified in PMNSGCT were similar to the findings from NS, with differential opportunities for targeted therapies and immunotherapies. Further study of precision treatments appears warranted.

PMID: 30659078 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]