Multi-Target Stool DNA Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening: Emerging Learning on Real-world Performance.
Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 2020 Jan 21;:
Authors: Eckmann JD, Ebner DW, Kisiel JB
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Multi-target stool DNA (MT-sDNA) was approved in 2014 for use in screening average-risk patients for colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we highlight recent literature from post-market studies to provide an update on clinical use and utility not possible from pre-approval studies.
RECENT FINDINGS: MT-sDNA has been included in major society guidelines as an option for colorectal cancer screening, and has seen exponentially increasing use in clinical practice. MT-sDNA appears to be attracting new patients to CRC screening, and patient adherence to diagnostic colonoscopy after a positive MT-sDNA test is high. Approximately two-thirds of these patients are found to have colorectal neoplasia (CRN), 80% of whom have at least one right-sided lesion; 1 in 3 will have advanced CRN. High yield of CRN is due not only to post-screening increase in probability but also likely improved endoscopist attention. In those with a negative high-quality colonoscopy after positive MT-sDNA test (“false positive MT-sDNA”), further interventions do not appear to be necessary. MT-sDNA is a promising tool to improve rates and quality of CRC screening. Further investigation should examine MT-sDNA performance in populations at increased risk for CRC, and as an interval test after colonoscopy to detect potentially missed lesions.
PMID: 31965446 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]