Prevalence of disease-causing genes in Japanese patients with BRCA1/2-wildtype hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome.

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Prevalence of disease-causing genes in Japanese patients with BRCA1/2-wildtype hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome.

NPJ Breast Cancer. 2020;6:25

Authors: Kaneyasu T, Mori S, Yamauchi H, Ohsumi S, Ohno S, Aoki D, Baba S, Kawano J, Miki Y, Matsumoto N, Nagasaki M, Yoshida R, Akashi-Tanaka S, Iwase T, Kitagawa D, Masuda K, Hirasawa A, Arai M, Takei J, Ide Y, Gotoh O, Yaguchi N, Nishi M, Kaneko K, Matsuyama Y, Okawa M, Suzuki M, Nezu A, Yokoyama S, Amino S, Inuzuka M, Noda T, Nakamura S

Abstract
Panel sequencing of susceptibility genes for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome has uncovered numerous germline variants; however, their pathogenic relevance and ethnic diversity remain unclear. Here, we examined the prevalence of germline variants among 568 Japanese patients with BRCA1/2-wildtype HBOC syndrome and a strong family history. Pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants were identified on 12 causal genes for 37 cases (6.5%), with recurrence for 4 SNVs/indels and 1 CNV. Comparisons with non-cancer east-Asian populations and European familial breast cancer cohorts revealed significant enrichment of PALB2, BARD1, and BLM mutations. Younger onset was associated with but not predictive of these mutations. Significant somatic loss-of-function alterations were confirmed on the wildtype alleles of genes with germline mutations, including PALB2 additional somatic truncations. This study highlights Japanese-associated germline mutations among patients with BRCA1/2 wildtype HBOC syndrome and a strong family history, and provides evidence for the medical care of this high-risk population.

PMID: 32566746 [PubMed]